Your Study Resources: Module 2

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SECTION ONE: THE SHAPE OF ICE

Activity 2-1: Putting on Pressure

  Growing Floaters and Shrinking Sinkers produced by the online magazine Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears:
http://beyondpenguins.nsdl.org/issue/column.php?date=August2008&departmentid=literacy&columnid=literacy!feature

  Teacher Notes 2-1c: Greenland Satellite Image

  Teacher Notes 2-1e: Greenland’s Glaciers
  Figure 1: Cross section of Greenland
  Figure 2: Uplift
 

Additional Resources:

  BrainPOP Jr. movie “How Can Land Change?”
http://www.brainpopjr.com/science/land/landforms/
An easy-to-follow description of the various activities that can change a landform.

  Life Cycle of a Glacier
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/vinson/glac-flash.html
This animated slideshow from Nova follows a snowflake on its journey through a glacier.


Activity 2-2: Iceberg, Right Ahead!

  Teacher Notes 2-2a: UNESCO World Heritage Criteria

  UNESCO World Heritage Sites interactive map
http://whc.unesco.org/en/254

  Teacher Notes 2-2b: Ilulissat Icefjord
  Figure 1: Greenland’s Glaciers
  Figure 2: The Formation of the Ilulissat Icefjord
  Figure 3: General Drift Pattern of Icebergs
  Figure 4: Iceberg Shapes
  Figure 5: Melting on the Greenland Ice Sheet
  Figure 6: Crack in the Petermann Glacier

  Engineering a Cooler Planet
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/17632436/ns/us_news-environment

  Hunting Icebergs
http://www.ssec.wisc.edu/sose/hunting_activity.html
 

Additional Resources:

  BrainPOP movie “Glaciers”
http://www.brainpop.com/science/earthsystem/glaciers/
A simple explanation of how glaciers function.

  Global Protection Squad Game
http://dsc.discovery.com/tv/project-earth/game/game.html
In this role-playing game from the Discovery channel, players attempt to solve global warming with various technological solutions. For individual or multiple players.

  Iceberg puzzles
http://polardiscovery.whoi.edu/expedition4/puzzle4.html
Online interactive jigsaw puzzles related to scientific exploring of ice and snow in the Arctic.

  Greenland’s Ice Island Alarm
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Greenland/greenland.php
A detailed article on climate change and Greenland’s ice sheet.


Activity 2-3: Core Matters

  Teacher Notes 2-3a: Melting Island

  Teacher Notes 2-3b: Greenland in Time

  Teacher Notes 2-3c: Greenland’s Trees

  Greenland Ice Core Project (GRIP) Data (from the National Climatic Data Center)
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/icecore.html

  Teacher Notes 2-3e: Ice Core: CO2
 

Additional Resources:

  BrainPOP movie “Ice Age”
http://www.brainpop.com/science/earthsystem/iceage/
The film describes when and why ice ages have occurred and might occur again and differentiates glaciations from ice ages.

  BrainPOP movie “Fossils”
http://www.brainpop.com/science/diversityoflife/fossils/
The film provides an overview of the how and why of the fossil record.

  Oldest known DNA Found in Greenland Ice Core
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2007/07/070705-oldest-dna.html
National Geographic reports on the finding of fossilized DNA, providing evidence of a greener Greenland.

  The warming of Greenland
http://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/16/health/16iht-web.0116warm.html
A New York Times article discussing the implications of the discovery of “warming island.”

  Paleoclimatology: The Ice Core Record
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Paleoclimatology_IceCores/
A detailed, illustrated article that provides an overview of the practicalities and science of obtaining and interpreting ice cores.


SECTION TWO: A PLACE TO CALL YOUR OWN

Activity 2-4: Ice Makes Nice

  Teacher Notes 2-4a: What Green!?

  Teacher Notes 2-4b:  Timmiaaraq: Text

  Teacher Notes 2-4c: Greenland: 2,175,600 km2 of Pure Adventure

  Teacher Notes 2-4d: Greenland’s Flag

  Teacher Notes 2-4e: 49 Words for Snow and Ice

  Listen to the audio pronunciations of Kalaallisut words for snow and ice
 

Additional Resources:

  Greenland: Snow and Ice
http://www.greenland.com/flash/slideshow/view.aspx?start_slideshow
A slideshow of Greenland’s icy and snowy landscapes from the main Greenlandic tourism site.

  The Childrens’ Poetry Archive
http://www.poetryarchive.org/childrensarchive/home.do
Works for children read by the authors. Great inspiration for writing with the senses.

  Sense of Place
http://www.streetdirectory.com/travel_guide/10581/writing/sense_of_place.html
A short article providing background and examples for writing descriptively about place.


Activity 2-5: Coats of Many Colors

  Teacher Notes 2-5a: Communities of Greenland
  Figure 1: Annual Sea Ice
  Figure 2: Greenlandic Settlements and Flight Routes

  Teacher Notes 2-5b: Greenland’s Municipalities
  Figure 1: Municipal Map
  Figure 2: Municipal Coats of Arms

  Sumo Paint
http://www.sumopaint.com/app/
Design and color your coats of arms online.
 

Additional Resources:

  Modar Heraldry Page
http://www2.kumc.edu/itc/staff/rknight/Heraldry.htm
Links to articles that go in depth into traditional heraldry.

  Gallery of Country Coats of Arms
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gallery_of_country_coats_of_arms
This useful page provides examples of coats of arms from around the world.


Activity 2-6: Me and My Place

  Teacher Notes 2-6a: Kalaallit Legends

  Teacher Notes 2-6b: My Own Standard
 

Additional Resources:

  Greenlandic Myths and Legends
http://www.greenland.com/content/english/tourist/culture/the_history_of_greenland/myths_and_legends
A retelling of some popular Greenlandic legends as well as a description of the “The Inuit philosophy of life” from the official tourist website of Greenland.

  Stereotypes
http://changingminds.org/explanations/theories/stereotypes.htm
A brief synopsis and definition of stereotypes. Appropriate for older students.

  How to take great digital portraits
http://lifehacker.com/159432/how-to-take-great-digital-portraits
A good overview for a point-and-shoot digital camera.


CASE STUDY: KNOWING OUR PLACE: CHANGE IS IN THE AIR

Activity 2-7.1: Sunny Days, Sunny Nights?

  Teacher Notes 2-7b: WCCY: Uummannaq

  What’s Climate Change to You?

  Teacher Notes 2-7.1: Sunshine in Greenland

  GAISMA:
http://www.gaisma.com/en/info/about.html
 

Additional Resources:

  “The Sun Returns”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WPM3EjbDuSk
A short movie showing the sun as it travels barely above the horizon over the day it returns in a high Arctic community.

  BrainPOP Jr. movie “Seasons”
http://www.brainpopjr.com/science/weather/seasons/
Demonstrates the how and why of seasons.

  BrainPOP Jr. movie “Sun”
http://www.brainpopjr.com/science/space/sun/
Discusses the importance of the sun for life on earth.

  BrainPOP Jr. movie “Writing with the Senses”
http://www.brainpopjr.com/writing/poetry/writingwiththesenses/
This film defines the five sense and helps students use them in descriptive writing.


Activity 2-7.2: A Stitch in Time

  What’s Climate Change to You?

  Teacher Notes 2-7b: WCCY: Uummannaq

  Teacher Notes 2-7.2: Kamiks

  National Library of Virtual Manipulatives:
http://nlvm.usu.edu/en/nav/frames_asid_184_g_1_t_1.html?open=activities&from=vlibrary.html

  Attribute Trains:
http://nlvm.usu.edu/en/nav/frames_asid_271_g_3_t_3.html
 

Additional Resources:

  BrainPOP Jr. movie “United Nations”
http://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/culture/unitednations/
Introduces the United Nations and human rights.

  COP 15 official website
http://en.cop15.dk
Includes an FAQ, links to other UN climate change resources, and much more.

  How to Knit
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3uw-nUvGrBY
This easy-to-follow video can serve as a good alternative to the written instructions.

  A Controversial Fashion
http://www.vogue.co.uk/news/daily/090319-protests-against-peter-jensens-aut.aspx
A brief article about fashion designer Peter Jensen, who faced charges of cultural appropriation when he designed a pair of boots modeled after Greenlandic traditional dress.


Activity 2-7.3: Action and Reaction

  Teacher Notes 2-7b: WCCY: Uummannaq

  What’s Climate Change to You?

  Teacher Notes 2-7.3: 49 Words for Snow and Ice
 


  ICC’s “Call to Global Leaders” to “Act Now on Climate Change in the Arctic.” PDF (721 KB)

  Additional Resources:
 
  Strengthening Culture Through Change
http://www.inuit.org/index.php?id=280
The text of a speech by Aqqaluk Lynge on climate change and its impacts for Arctic people.

  Learning to Speak Climate
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/06/opinion/06friedman.html
New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman visits Greenland and discusses the rapid pace of climate change he observed.

  Lene Kielsen Holm: How Climate Change and Socioeconomics Are Affecting Greenland Inuit
http://www.sciencepoles.org/articles/article_detail/lene_kielsen_holm_climate_change_socioeconomics_affecting_greenland_inuit/
An interview with the Inuit Circumpolar Council's Greenland Director of Environment and Sustainable Development Issues about cultural changes in Greenland in the face of climate change.

  Finding the Words
http://www.polar.ch2m.com/Files/PDFs/Newsletter2008April.pdf
Article on Team GoNorth! cool scientist Shari Gearheard’s work collecting traditional ecological knowledge from Inuit elders in Greenland.


THINK GLOBAL-ACT LOCAL

  Climate Refugees
http://www.climaterefugees.com/
Watch the trailer for the documentary film about the human face on climate change—make it a school or even community event! Have a debate!

  Be a Refuge:
Play the United Nations game “Against All Odds”
http://www.playagainstallodds.com/
United Nations Gimme Shelter:
http://www.unhcrshelter.org/

  What Is Climate Change to You?

  Engineering a Cooler Planet
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/17632436/ns/us_news-environment

  Follow in the Path of an Iceberg…with Cool(E)motions!
http://coolemotion.org/
Track the icebergs live!

  TakingITGlobal.org
http://issues.tigweb.org/humanrights
“Inspire. Inform. Involve.”

  What’s Your World Heritage Site?
http://whc.unesco.org/en/254
Is there a World Heritage Site in your neighborhood?

  Radio Your Culture!
http://ibnlive.in.com/videos/36106/radio-a-tool-to-save-culture.html
“Radio, a Tool to Save Culture”


MODULE ALERT


How do places and cultures shape over time? (82 KB)