GovernHome Rule is the form of government in Greenland. The Greenlandic parliament is named Landstinget.
Homerule was introduced in 1979. It is a federation with the country of Denmark based of extensive self-government by Greenland.
Legislation is formally approved by the Danish parliament, Folketinget. Greenland elects two members to Folketinget. Folketing and the Danish administration issue acts and directives for the few areas not transferred to the Home Rule, but almost all legislation originates in the Greenlandic parliament, Landstinget.
Greenland is divided into four large municipalities, each led by a municipal council headed by a mayor. The municipalities are responsible for the welfare of the local communities, including child- care, elementary school, culture and leisure as well as various social services.
Greenland administers the exploitation of mineral and energy resources on behalf of the Federation, with future income accruing to Greenland after the subsidies from Denmark have been covered. The legislative and decision-making authority only remains in Denmark in relation to foreign policy, police, judicial system and the surveillance of Greenland’s waters. The Danish state is represented by the High Commission, which is headed by the High Commissioner Greenland is a member of the Nordic Council and in this way maintains close links with the other Nordic countries. Greenland’s economy, settlement structure, education system and welfare system have much in common with the general Scandinavian welfare model.
But there are also many links across the Davis Strait to the North American continent. Particularly the collaboration within the ICC – Inuit Circumpolar Council – has contributed positively to the development of the polar collaboration, which among other things has manifested itself in the establishment of the Arctic Council in 1996.